Set in the au naturel landscape of the Thar Desert, Jodhpur, "The Sun City" was founded by its namesake Rao Jodha, a chief of the Rathore clan, in 1459. Earlier known as Marwar, it is the second largest city in Rajasthan. A 10 km long wall encloses the old city, and eight gates leading out of it open into the new city, thereby dividing Jodhpur into two parts.
Owing to a beautiful and mesmerizing landscape, Jodhpur is a popular tourist destination. It is recognized as "The Sun City" because of its bright and sunny weather during the whole of the year. Besides, it is referred to as "The Blue City" as well, due to the blue-painted houses around the Mehrangarh Fort.
Places of Tourist Interests
Meherangarh Fort :- Considered as the most impressive fort in Rajasthan and one of the biggest in India, the Meherangarh fort is sprawled atop a perpendicular hill, 5 km uphill drive from the main city. Its imposing walls have withstood many attacks by invading armies, the first gate of the wall is still scarred by cannonball hits. The original fort was built by Maharaja Rao Jodha in 1459, when he shifted his capital from Mandore to Jodhpur.
Jaswant Thada :- is another interesting Tourist places in Jodhpur which is built in white marble, in the memory of Maharaja Jaswant. This edifice was built in the year1899. Tourists must make it a point to visit this place among other Tourist Attractions in Jodhpur.
Umaid Bhawan Palace :- The Umaid Bhawan Palace was built between 1929 to 1942 as a famine relief project that gave employment to more than 3000 famine struck people. Today, parts of the palace have been converted into a luxury hotel, and a museum while one extensive wing is still occupied by the royal family.
The palace was built by Maharaja Umaid Singh and designed by the president of the British Royal Institute of Architects. Marble and red sandstone was used to built this opulent structure though no cement was used in its construction. The museum at the palace houses an assortment of beautifully crafted weapons, stuffed leopards, clock collections, and Chinese urns.
How to Reach
By Air :- The Jodhpur Airport is 5 km from the city center. Regular flight services connect the city with other major cities in and around Rajasthan. There are daily flights to Delhi, Mumbai, Udaipur and Jaipur.
By Train :- Jodhpur is well connected by railway lines. Trains to Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai and Kolkata are easily available. The 'Palace on Wheels' also visits this city of royal splendor.
By Road :- Another convenient mode of transportation to Jodhpur is by road. The main highway between Jodhpur and Jaisalmer is via Agoli and Pokaran. The highway is well connected with Agra, Ahmedabad, Ajmer, Delhi, Jaipur, Jaisalmer and Udaipur by bus.