Jaisalmer is a small town in the state of Rajasthan. The town is named after its founder Maharawal Jaisal Singh, a Rajput king. It is also called as the "Golden City of India" because of the yellow sand and yellow sandstone used in the town's architecture giving a golden tinge.
Jaisalmer is located at around 575 km west from Jaipur the capital of Rajasthan. It is situated near the border of India and Pakistan in West Rajasthan and is the administrative headquarters of Jaisalmer District.
Jaisalmer has an average elevation of 229 m and covers an area of 5.1 sq km. The climate is dry is hot summers and pleasant winters. Average rainfall is 209.5 mm. Jaisalmer is just about entirely a sandy waste and forms a part of the Great Indian Desert.
Places of Tourist Interests
Jaisalmer Fort :- It is the fort, the second oldest in Rajasthan (oldest being Chittorgarh). The fort stands on a hill 250 feet above the surrounding country. The fort of Jaisalmer was founded by Maharawal "Jaisal" in 1156 A.D. The fort stands on a hill which overlooks the town from the south. Many round shaped stones left on the towers were used as weapon to check the enemy from entering the fort during battle. It has four gates- Akhai Pol (Ganesh Pol), Suraj Pol, bhuta Pol & Hava Pol. Raj Mahal â€" There are five beautifully carved Raj Mahals inside the fort viz. Rang Mahal, Sarvotam Vilas, Akhai Vilas, Gaj Mahal, and Moti Mahal. There were some old painting and pictures inside the Mahal. These paintings are to the Mughal and Rajput-Sculpture.
Patwon ki Haveli :- Built about 300 years ago, the Patwon ki Haveli in Jaisalmer one of the largest and the most splendid haveli of Rajasthan. It is five storeys high and is extensively carved. The first was constructed circa 1805 by a merchant called Guman Chand Patwa and is the biggest and the most ostentatious. Patwa was a man of considerable means, and for his five sons he built the elaborate five-storied complex which reportedly took 50 years to finish. Built by the well-renowned dealers in brocade, gold and silver embroidery of their time from Afghanistan to China.
Salim Singh ki Haveli :- On your heritage haveli tours in Rajasthan, visit the most impressive mansion and haveli in Jaisalmer, Salim Singh ki Haveli, built by the Jain diwan Salim Singh Mohta. This stately Jaisalmer haveli with its stunning blue cupola roof is resplendent with exquisite stone carvings, screen windows and exotic murals. The mansion is just below the hill and it is said that once it had two additional wooden storeys in an attempt to make it as high as the maharaja's palace, but the maharaja had the upper storey torn down.
Gadisar Lake :- This rain water lake, was once the major supplier of potable water in the town. Today, it is a big attraction for the picnickers in the desert city. Sacred shrines and well laid gardens flank the lake. A rick variety of beautiful birds can be observed fluttering overhere.
Nathmal Ji Ki Haveli :- Two architect brothers Hathi and Lalu took charge of the construction of this magnificent piece of architecture in the 19th century. Interestingly, while one concentrated on the right, the other concentrated on the left and the result is a symphony epitomizing the side by side symmetry during construction. Paintings in miniature style monopolize the walls in the interior. Mighty tuskers carved out of yellow sandstone stand guard to the haveli. Its facade is a riot of ornamentation: flowers, birds, elephants, soldiers, a bicycle and even a steam engine.
Folklore Museum :- Situated on the banks of the Garsisar lake the museum is a gold mine of information not just about Jaisalmer, but the rich cultural heritage of western Rajasthan. Established in 1984 by N K Sharma, the Folklore Museum is divided into six sections making it more organized. The six sections include a coterie of paintings, costumes, jewelery, photographs, camel and horse ornaments and fossils. You can visit this Rajasthan museum on any day of the week from 9 a.m.-12 p.m. and 3 p.m.-6 p.m.
The Desert National Park :- A desert national park was established in 1980 in the Thar desert near kanoie and sam village. About 3162 sq. km. Area is covered, and is about 32 kms from Jaisalmer. Scrub trees and flowers can usually be seen. The chinkara and black buck can also be seen near the village. The great Indian bustars in the famous bird in this area. To visit the National Park, a separate permit is required from the collector of Jaisalmer.