Ajmer is 05th largest city of Rajasthan, Ajmer was founded in the late 7th century A.D. by Ajayraj Singh Chauhan and ruled by Prithviraj Chauhan (1149–1192 CE), of the Chauhan dynasty, ruled Ajmer along with Delhi during the latter half of the 12th century. Prithviraj Chauhan was the last independent Hindu king, before Hemu, to sit upon the throne of Delhi. He succeeded to the throne at the age of 13, and ruled from the twin capitals of Ajmer and Delhi.
Ajmer is surrounded by the Aravalli Mountains. It is a pilgrimage centre for the shrine of the Sufi Saint Khwaja Moinuddin Chishti, The city is sied on the lower slopes of the Taragarh Hill in the Aravalli Range. It is situated almost in the centre of Rajasthan. To the north of the city is a large artificial lake, called Anasagar with a marble structure known as Baradari. Ajmer is protected from the Thar desert by the massive rocks of Nagpathar range.
Ajmer's identity today is largely shaped by its role as a trading outpost of Rajasthan. Roses from its palms find their way into temples and dargahs, perfume laboratories across the world and into India's favourite chewable speciality - paan. A major pilgrimage with a famous dargah of a pious Muslim saint, Ajmer is known to suffice the whims of many a disheartened soul.
Places of Tourist Interests
Ajmer Sharif :- The reigning Mughal rulers formed part of whose faction, and which got attention from groups of all beliefs from all areas of our beautiful land, the Dargah Sharif, the crypt of the bienheureux Sufi saint Hazrat Khwaja Moinuddin Chisti, is the first place that comes to mind when one thinks of Ajmer. One's mood gets energized and one feels undying happiness in the fair atmosphere of the beautifully decorated and attractive Dargah, which invites enthusiasts from all classes, beliefs and groups. The Urs, or demise celebration, of the saint is observed with great interest at this hallowed memorial, which has been popular since the 13th century.
Taragarh Fort :- Taragarh Fort is located atop the Nagpahari Hill in Ajmer. Often considered as the first hill fort of Asia, it is also known as the 'Fort of Ajmer'. It was constructed at a time when the Aravalli mountain ranges were above the snowlines.Situated 3 km and a steep 1.5 hours climb beyond the Adhai-din ka Jhonpra Mosque, the fort offers an aerial view of the entire city. Built in the year 1100 A.D by Ajaypal Chauhan, the town's founder, the fort was the site of military activities during Mughal times. Lakshmi Pol, Phuta Darwaza and Gagudi ki Phatak are the three gateways of the fort. Bhim Burj that acts as a crenellation and support for the canons is amongst the highlights of the fort. The fort also contains many reservoirs, carved out of the solid rock.
Ana Sagar :- The Ana Sagar Lake is a landmark in the history of the city and it has seen a number of ups and downs during the rule of different dynasties. The lake is surrounded by many magnificent attractions such as the marble pavilions of king Shah Jahan and pretty shrine of Khobra Behroon. Moving around the lake is a peaceful and pleasurable experience. The picturesque views of the place in Ajmer are enough to take away ones breath.
Adhai Din Ka Jhonpra :- The mosque supposed to have been made in two and a half days and thus branded Adhai Din (two and a half days) Ka Jhonpra, is a classic instance damaging a Hindu or Jain synagogue severely to build a mosque, no matter what common folks think concerning the age-old qualities of the great Muslim monarchs in India. The building; whose name, in consensus with one more common belief, can also be believed to have come from a two and a half day fair held close by each year; was at first a Sanskrit university, but Muhammad Ghori changed it into a mosque in 1198 and made a seven-arched wall with sections from the Koran written into it.
How To Reach
By Air :- The Sanganer Airport situated at Jaipur, which is almost 132 km from Ajmer, is the closest to the city and is directly linked to the metro cities of Mumbai and Delhi.
By Train :- Ajmer Junction Railway Station lies on the Delhi-Mumbai railway line and is directly linked with various towns in India.
By Road :- Ajmer has an extensive system of broad roads directly linking it to Delhi and all the main towns of Rajasthan including Jaipur, Udaipur, Jodhpur, Jaisalmer and Bharatpur. There are any tourist Volvo bus operators that you can get in many parts of the towns except the state government transport buses.